Pelvic pain in women can be difficult to diagnose because many signs and symptoms are non-specific and can vary widely. The most common critical cases of pelvic pain are inflammatory disease, ruptured ovarian cyst, and appendicitis; however, there are many other diagnoses which may mimic these conditions. A careful history with a focus on pain characteristics, review of systems, social, sexual, and gynecologic history is the key to narrowing down diagnosis of pelvic pain. This webpage is designed to be a quick and easy guide for physical therapists nationwide, to reference in distinction between the ongoing list of causes of pelvic pain. The idea behind this site was to draw your attention to a multitude of potential causes of pelvic pain and also to provide a more in depth description, presentation, and diagnostic criteria of these.