Chronic Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Bacterial infections of the urinary tract are the most common infections experienced by humans both in community acquired and nosocomial infections. This infection is most commonly seen in women of childbearing age. It can be treated easily with a course of antibiotics. A diagnosis of a urinary tract infection is made when bacteria in present in a urine sample of 100,000 or more colony forming units per ml of urine(1).
- Previous UTI
- Age (young women)
- Frequent sexual intercourse
- Use of diaphragm or spermacide
- Delayed post-coital micturition
- Recent UTI
Be aware of whether the patient presents with any of the risk factors for a UTI. Ask about issues related to urination including the presence of dysuria (painful urination), frequency and urgency of urination. Ask about chills, fever and flank pain which may indicate the spread of the infection in to the kidneys. If a UTI is suspected ensure the patient is referred to the physician to begin appropriate treatment(1).