Pelvic thrombophlebitis is characterized by inflammation of the pelvic veins with infect thrombosis commonly after an obstetrical procedure. To confirm a diagnosis either computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging must be completed(1).
- Cesarean delivery
- Injury to the pelvic vein
Ask patients if they have a history of any obstetric surgical procedure such as an abortion or cesarean delivery. Look for presence of a fever and pain in the lower abdominal and pelvic region. There may be a palpable sausage shaped mass in the lower abdomen, however this finding is rare. It is important to be aware of the risk factors because this condition can lead to septic pelvic thrombosis which can put the patient at high risk for further complications(1,2).